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A study of the factors that assisted and directed Scottish emigration to Upper Canada, 1815-1855

Cameron, James M. (1971) A study of the factors that assisted and directed Scottish emigration to Upper Canada, 1815-1855. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The first half of the nineteenth century witnessed the beginning of large scale emigration between Scotland and the British colony of Upper Canada. In any migration there are a number of factors which act as obstacles to the migration flow and a number of agencies (factors) which operate to overcome these obstacles. This study examines in turn those factors that assisted and directed Scottish emigration to Upper Canada between 1815 and 1855. Its focus is on a dynamic aspect of population - migration - and it examines in detail the spatial distribution of a variety of factors, influencing and directing the movements of large numbers of people. Eight major factors are evaluated as to their influence over time on the character, volume and direction of this emigration. These eight factors are qualitatively ranked on the basis of the factors' role in overcoming various obstacles and the number of emigrants who were assisted and influenced. The three factors in the first order are friends and relatives; periodicals, newspapers and books; and Scottish ports, shipping and emigration agents. These three factors were all of critical importance by acting as positive and continuing links in the migration process, through the provision of information, encouragement and an organizational structure. The three factors in the second order - government; emigration societies and trade unions; and landlords were in some ways less significant in the overall emigration. These factors generally tended to act as positive links in the migration process during limited time periods and in specific areas. The two factors in the third order - land companies and land speculators in Upper Canada and churches were relatively the least significant. They often related to small groups and individual personalities and tended to be of more significance when the emigrants began to settle in their new environment. The first half of the nineteenth century was a period of tremendous change and development both in Scotland and in Upper Canada. This study examines a significant yet often neglected aspect of this process of change.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Subjects: F History United States, Canada, Latin America > F1001 Canada (General)
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
Colleges/Schools: College of Arts
Supervisor's Name: Supervisor, not known
Date of Award: 1971
Depositing User: Mrs Marie Cairney
Unique ID: glathesis:1971-3516
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2014 17:12
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/3516

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