Magnetic resonance imaging to improve structural localisation in radiotherapy planning

Hanvey, Scott Lewis (2013) Magnetic resonance imaging to improve structural localisation in radiotherapy planning. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The purpose of this thesis is to develop the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the radiotherapy (RT) planning process. This began by assessing a prototype inline three-dimensional distortion correction algorithm. A number of quality assurance tests were conducted using different test objects and the 3D distortion correction algorithm was compared with the standard two-dimensional version available for clinical use on the MRI system. Scanning patients using MRI in the RT position within an immobilisation mask can be problematic, since the multi-channel head coils typically used in diagnostic imaging, are not compatible with the immobilisation mask. To assess the image quality which can be obtained with MR imaging in the RT position, various MRI quality assurance phantoms were positioned within an immobilisation mask and a series of image quality tests were performed on four imaging coils compatible with the immobilisation mask. It was shown that only the 4-channel cardiac coil delivered comparable image quality to a multi-channel head coil. An investigation was performed to demonstrate how MRI patient position protocols influence registration quality in patients with prostate cancer undergoing radical RT. The consequences for target volume definition and dose coverage with RT planning were also assessed. Twenty patients with prostate cancer underwent a computed tomography (CT) scan in the RT position, a diagnostic MRI scan and an MRI scan in the RT position. The CT datasets were independently registered with the two MRI set-ups and the quality of registration was compared. This study demonstrated that registering CT and MR images in the RT position provides a statistically significant improvement in registration quality, target definition and target volume dose coverage for patients with prostate cancer. A similar study was performed on twenty-two patients with oropharyngeal cancer undergoing radical RT. It was shown that when patients with oropharyngeal cancer undergo an MRI in the RT position there are significant improvements in CT-MR image registration, target definition and target volume dose coverage.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Radiotherapy; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Immobilisation; Image registration; Geometric distortion
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Colleges/Schools: College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Foster, Dr. John and McJury, Dr. Mark
Date of Award: 2013
Depositing User: Mr Scott L Hanvey
Unique ID: glathesis:2013-5117
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 13 May 2014 10:40
Last Modified: 13 May 2014 10:54
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/5117

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