Towards surpassing the standard quantum limit using optical springs

Macarthur, John (2014) Towards surpassing the standard quantum limit using optical springs. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

The existence of Gravitational waves is a prediction that arose from Einstein's theory of general relativity. So far their direct detection has eluded scientists with Einstein himself believing they would never be detected. However, recent developments in advanced interferometric detectors should allow the first detections to be made when they are commissioned later this decade. This will open up an entire new field of astronomy giving deeper understanding to the physics of and proving Einstein's general theory of relativity. Astronomers always want bigger telescopes whether it is to see further or to see more detail and this will no doubt occur with gravitational wave telescopes. Hence, further improvements in sensitivity will be required. This thesis examines techniques for improving sensitivity beyond the standard quantum limit, a future limit to sensitivity, using optical rigidity. By coupling two suspended cavity mirrors together using only the light circulating between them the response of the system changes such that a linear restoring force is created on both cavity optics, the "optical spring". The first experiment carried out in the scope of this thesis shows how an intentionally applied signal that changes the position of the input mirror in a rigidly coupled cavity is transferred via the optical spring to a position change of the output cavity mirror. A small independent interferometer, a so-called local readout, is used to monitor the displacement of the output cavity mirror allowing the position of the input mirror to be inferred. This experiment verifies that it is possible to gather information on the position of the input mirror via the local readout interferometer the photons of which have never interacted with the input mirror. The local readout device was able to measure a coupled motion between the cavity mirrors, via the optical spring, of 10

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Physics, interferometry, gravitational wave
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Hild, Dr. Stefan and Strain, Prof. Kenneth
Date of Award: 2014
Depositing User: Mr John Macarthur
Unique ID: glathesis:2014-6119
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2015 11:27
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2015 11:30
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/6119

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