The structure/activity relationship of nitrobenzene hydrogenation over Pd/alumina catalysts

Morisse, Clément (2015) The structure/activity relationship of nitrobenzene hydrogenation over Pd/alumina catalysts. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

Due to Embargo and/or Third Party Copyright restrictions, this thesis is not available in this service.

Abstract

The hydrogenation of nitrobenzene to form aniline is a large-scale industrial process performed using a variety of heterogeneous catalysts. One variant of the process involves the application of alumina-supported Pd catalysts. Although several 0.3 wt% Pd/alumina formulations exhibit high aniline selectivity (ca. 98%), different grades of these catalysts favour different impurities. It is observed that the impurities arise from different reaction pathways depending on the provenance of the catalyst. In order to investigate whether the origins of impurity formation are connected to catalyst structure, a series of Pd catalysts active for this reaction have been characterised by a variety of techniques: chemisorption measurements, X-Ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Temperature-Programmed Desorption and Infrared spectroscopy. The low metal loading industrial grade catalysts are challenging to characterise and required a degree of analytical refinement. Temperature-programmed infrared measurements of the probe molecule carbon monoxide revealed morphological and energetic information that could be correlated with catalytic performance. This information constitutes part of a valuable feedback loop that enables specifications for the next generation of ultra-selective nitrobenzene hydrogenation catalysts to be determined.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: nitrobenzene, aniline, hydrogenation, gas-phase, palladium, alumina, infrared, CO chemisorption
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Funder's Name: UNSPECIFIED
Supervisor's Name: Lennon, Dr David
Date of Award: 2015
Embargo Date: 20 May 2020
Depositing User: Mr Clement Morisse
Unique ID: glathesis:2015-6384
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2015 11:30
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2015 11:09
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/6384

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