Artificial neural networks for scattered light imaging

Caramazza, Piergiorgio (2020) Artificial neural networks for scattered light imaging. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Abstract

Image formation is one of the most important aspect of our everyday life. Conventional optical Imaging (and Sensing) exploits light, reaching the detection system from a target or a scene of interest, mainly unscattered. However, there are many practical situations in which unscattered light may be undetectable, insufficient or mispresented. Nonetheless, if the considered system allows it, it could be still possible to exploit scattered light in order to extract relevant information. Problems arise from the fact that, in these cases, light propagation may undergo severe alterations, thus leading to challenging, and sometimes ill- posed, problems.
In this thesis, two main scenarios involving scattered light are studied and addressed by means of artificial neural networks. Over the last period, these powerful data-driven algorithms have been extensively employed in many scientific contexts for their ability to solve even complex problems implicitly. Precisely this characteristic is exploited, in the present work, in a non-line- of-sight scenario in order to simultaneously locate and identify people hidden behind a corner. Moreover, a complex-valued neural network algorithm is implemented and applied to the problem of transmission of images through a multimode fibre, demonstrating high-speed and high-resolution image restoration even without the need for any phase measurements. Finally, due to its formulation based on the physics of multimode fibres, a direct comparison is proposed between the same algorithm and a more standard approach.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Optics, computational imaging, artificial neural networks, scattered light, multimode fibres.
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Funder's Name: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Supervisor's Name: Faccio, Professor Daniele and Murray-Smith, Professor Roderick
Date of Award: 2020
Depositing User: Mr Piergiorgio Caramazza
Unique ID: glathesis:2020-81313
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2020 08:34
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2020 09:15
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/81313
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