Elements of orbital angular momentum and coherence in quantum optics

Ritboon, Atirach (2019) Elements of orbital angular momentum and coherence in quantum optics. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow.

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Printed Thesis Information: https://eleanor.lib.gla.ac.uk/record=b3368002

Abstract

It is well established now that light carries both spin and orbital angular momentum which are associated with circular polarisation and helical phase fronts. Orbital angular momentum degrees of freedom recently have been used frequently in quantum information processing as their states are described by vectors in a higher-dimensional Hilbert space which enhances the possibility of realising superior quantum information protocols. On the other hand, quantum coherence, which arises from the superposition principle, is a distinct feature of quantum mechanics that cannot be satisfactorily described by classical physics. Coherence is also identified as essential ingredient for applications of quantum information, computation, and quantum thermodynamics. Three research projects, with their related background information, are presented in this thesis. In the first one, we design a linear optical system to transform the maximally entangled state of a down-converted photon pair into a genuine entangled χ-type state, as this class of genuine entangled states has been showed to have many interesting entanglement properties and can be employed in several quantum information protocols. In the second project, we study the mechanism of angular momentum transfer from light to a dielectric medium when it undergoes total internal reflection. The result shows that the torque associated with angular momentum transfer appears shortly, when the light pulse hits the interface. Finally, we study quantum coherence transfer from a coherence resource initialised in a coherence state to an atomic state by the Jaynes-Cummings model, and we compare it to the coherent operation that uses a resource prepared in a ladder state described by Åberg’s model. We found that a resource in a coherent state is more robust against failures.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: genuine entanglement, orbital angular momentum, quantum coherence, optical force, optical torque.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Colleges/Schools: College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Supervisor's Name: Barnett, Prof. Stephen and Croke, Dr. Sarah
Date of Award: 2019
Depositing User: Mr. Atirach Ritboon
Unique ID: glathesis:2019-74349
Copyright: Copyright of this thesis is held by the author.
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2019 15:18
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2019 10:51
Thesis DOI: 10.5525/gla.thesis.74349
URI: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/id/eprint/74349
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